What the law says
An Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) is a mandatory part of the Home Information Pack (HIP) that is required for the marketing for sale of all domestic properties in England and Wales. An EPC is also required for the marketing of properties for rental with effect from October 2008.
The Housing Act 2004
The provisions within Part 5 of the above Act allowed for the introduction of Home Information Packs to improve the buying and selling process of properties in England and Wales.
EU Directive 2002/91/E.C.
The inclusion of the EPC into the Home Information Packs has been driven by EU directive 2002/91/E.C. the EPBD (Energy Performance of Buildings Directive) of the European Parliament & Council, which states that all domestic properties must have an energy report on them, or be able to have one done by a qualified person by 2009.
The UK Government responded to the Directive by phasing in this requirement - initially on the sale and purchase of domestic residential property subject to the new Home Information Pack legislation.
In 1997 many countries around the world recognised the growing problems of ever increasing levels of greenhouse gases and agreed to take action to reduce this problem.
These countries signed up to the Kyoto Protocol targeting the reduction of C02 emissions.
As buildings are responsible for almost 50 per cent of all energy consumed in
the UK, it is vital that we make our buildings more energy efficient. At the
forecast rate of construction a large proportion of current buildings will still be
in use in 2050 - so improving the performance of existing buildings is a